The cultivation of cannabis Indoor cultivation has gained popularity as more regions legalize its use for medicinal and recreational purposes. Although indoor growing has its challenges, it offers advantages such as total control over the growing environment. In this post, we'll explore the basics of successfully growing and caring for cannabis plants indoors.
What does the cannabis plant need to grow?
Cannabis, like any other plant, needs certain essential elements to develop properly:
The plants of cannabis need a lot of light to grow. LED or HID (high intensity discharge) lights are ideal for providing the intensity and spectrum of light they require.
Soil or substrate
A good substrate is crucial. Many growers prefer to use organic soils enriched with natural nutrients. It is also possible to use hydroponic systems, in which the roots grow in water.
Quality water is essential. It is important not to overwater and to ensure that water does not become stagnant. Overwatering can cause problems such as root rot.
These are essential for the healthy development of cannabis. They must be administered in the correct proportions, and it is essential to follow the specific recommendations for cannabis.
Plants need fresh air and adequate circulation to grow strong and healthy. A good ventilation system prevents problems such as mold and pests.
Temperature and humidity
The plants of cannabis prefer temperatures between 20-25°C during the day and a little less during the night. Humidity should be moderate, reducing it especially during the flowering phase.
How to get the highest production indoors?
Optimizing yield is one of the main goals of growers. Here are some tips:
Pruning and training
Techniques such as topping, FIM, and LST can help plants grow bushier and produce more buds.
Make sure all plants receive an adequate amount of light. This may require moving lamps or rotating plants regularly.
Adding CO2 to the environment can accelerate plant growth and increase yields, but it is vital to use it correctly so as not to damage plants.
Controls pests and diseases
Maintaining a clean environment and monitoring plants regularly helps detect and treat problems before they affect performance.
Choose productive varieties
Some strains of cannabis are naturally more productive than others. Researching and selecting varieties known for high yields can make a big difference.
How to put into bloom indoors?
The light cycle is crucial to induce flowering in cannabis plants:
Change the light cycle
To induce flowering, the light cycle should be changed to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. This simulates fall conditions, which signals to the plant that it is time to flower.
Use appropriate lighting
During flowering, cannabis plants benefit from a different spectrum of light. Consider switching to lights with a more reddish spectrum.
Lower humidity during the flowering phase can reduce the risk of mold and bud rot.
Nutrients for flowering
Switch to a fertilizer rich in phosphorus and potassium, essential for bud production.
Use a microscope or magnifying glass to check the trichomes on the buds. When most of the trichomes are milky with some amber, it is usually the optimal time to harvest.
Cultivate cannabis Indoor growing requires patience, dedication and constant learning. However, with the right tools and techniques, anyone can obtain an abundant and high quality harvest in the comfort of their home. Good luck and happy growing!